Testicular cancer can be a sensitive topic of discussion but it is important to know the symptoms so that you can be aware and vigilant. According to the American Cancer Society, in 2016 just in the United States approximately “8,720 new cases of testicular cancer will be diagnosed and about 380 men will die of testicular cancer.” Testicular cancer can affect one or both of the testicles, which are located inside the scrotum. Mayo Clinic notes that, while testicular cancer is relatively rare when compared with other forms of cancer, it is “the most common cancer in American males between the ages of 15 and 35.” There are a variety of risk factors that may increase your risk of testicular cancer, though they do not mean that you will definitely get testicular cancer. These risk factors include an undecided testicle, a family history of testicular cancer, an HIV infection, having been previously diagnosed with testicular cancer, being of a certain race or ethnicity (Caucasian men are 4-5 times more likely to get testicular cancer than other races/ethnicities), body size, and carcinoma in situ of the testicle. It is important to get regular checkups and physicals to ensure optimal health but it is also important to know potential symptoms of testicular cancer and perform routine self examinations. If you think you are experiencing one of these symptoms it is important to speak to your physician and explore whether or not you need further testing.
Testicular Cancer Symptoms Include:
- Lumps or masses in your testicles may be a symptom of testicular cancer. When performing a self examination, if you feel a lump or mass it is important to seek the advice of your physician as soon as possible. Lumps and masses are the most common symptom of testicular cancer.
- Any enlargement or swelling of the testicle should be examined by a physician. Regardless of how small or large the swelling might be. Additionally, if any enlargement or swelling of the breasts occurs it is important to see a physician as this may also be a symptom of testicular cancer.
3. Pain or Discomfort
- Any tenderness of pain in the testicle may be a symptom of testicular cancer. But, pain and discomfort is a broad range. This means that if it feels like a your scrotum has suddenly filled with fluid or your testicles feel heavy, these may also be symptoms of testicular cancer. Additionally, if you feel a low or dull ache in the abdomen or groin these may be symptoms of testicular cancer, particularly if they last more than 2 weeks.